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Higham Lane School

Higham Lane School

Physical Education

As a Physical Education Department, our role is to contribute to the overall education of young people by helping them lead full, valuable, safe and healthy lives. Our aim is for all students to achieve and make progress by developing their skills and techniques, their decision-making abilities, their physical and mental capacity, their evaluating and improving skills and their ability to make informed choices about active, healthy lifestyles. This is achieved throughout a wide and varied curriculum which is delivered in two hours of core PE each week during Key Stage 3 and Key Stage 4. In addition to this, students are able to access a diverse and extensive extra-curricular programme that has both a competitive and participation focus.

At Key Stage 4, GCSE PE and Cambridge National in Sport Science are both offered as part of the Option system. There is a high take-up for both courses and subsequently, attainment and achievement by students is very good. In 2018, 97% of students taking the GCSE PE course achieved a Grade 4 and above with 37% achieving a grade 9 -7. Additionally, 88% of students taking the Cambridge National in Sport Science achieved a Level 2 Pass and above with 44% Level 2 Distinction* - Distinction. A-level PE is offered at Key Stage 5, where students are assessed theoretically through two exams; practically in a chosen sport and on their ability to analyse performance. In 2018, 60% of students achieved an A*-C with 20% of pupils achieving an A and above.

Year 7 Curriculum

In Year 7, both girls and boys will participate in six different sporting activities where they will develop in and through the physical domain.

Girls’ activities

  • Netball
  • Badminton
  • Dance
  • Health
  • Rounders
  • Athletics

Boys’ activities

  • Rugby
  • Badminton
  • Football
  • Health
  • Striking and fielding
  • Athletics

Year 8 Curriculum

In Year 8, both girls and boys will participate in six sporting activities where they will embed the skills and knowledge learnt in Year 7 and start to develop these further in a competitive setting.

Girls’ activities

  • Netball
  • Badminton
  • Gymnastics
  • Health
  • Rounders
  • Athletics

Boys’ activities

  • Rugby
  • Badminton
  • Football
  • Health
  • Striking and fielding
  • Athletics

Year 9 Curriculum

Core PE

In Year 9 core PE, both girls and boys will participate in six sporting activities where they will refine the skills, abilities, tactics and knowledge learnt in Key Stage 3.

Girls’ activities

  • Netball
  • Badminton
  • Dance
  • Aerobics
  • Rounders
  • Athletics

Boys’ activities

  • Rugby
  • Badminton
  • Football
  • Health
  • Striking and fielding
  • Athletics

GCSE PE

The new OCR GCSE PE course is assessed in three different ways. Students will sit two exams at the end of Year 11, which contribute to 60% of their overall GCSE. The Component 1 exam is on physical factors affecting performance and the Component 2 exam is on socio-cultural issues and sports psychology. Students will also be assessed practically in one individual sport, one team sport and one team or individual sport, which together makes up 30% of their overall GCSE. Additionally, students will complete a controlled assessment where they will evaluate and analyse their own or a peer’s performance in a chosen sport, contributing towards 10% to their final grade.

In Year 9, students will learn the physical training topic which is part of their Component 1 examination. Here, students will learn about components of fitness and how to test them; training methods and how to optimise training through the use of principles of training and how to prevent injury in physical activity. Students will also study elements of sports psychology which is on the Component 2 exam. Here, students will learn about characteristics of skilful movement, classification of skills, types of feedback and types of guidance.

Students will also participate in practical lessons where they will refine their skills, tactics and decision making abilities so that they meet the high standards of the GCSE specification. Students are expected to attend extra-curricular clubs and clubs outside of school to develop their practical ability further in their chosen three sports. Students will also need to keep a log of their competitive performance in each of their three sports. 

Cambridge National in Sports Science

The Cambridge National in Sports Science is assessed through three controlled assessments and one exam. The exam is on reducing the risk of injuries and the controlled assessments are on applying principles of training, the body’s response to physical training and sports nutrition.

In Year 9, studentss will learn the content for their examination based unit (RO41). They will learn about types of sport injuries, injury treatment and extrinsic and intrinsic factors contributing to reducing the risk of injuries. They will also do their controlled assessment on applying principles of training (unit RO42). Within this, they will complete controlled assessments on the components of fitness, training methods, fitness testing and training principles.

Year 10 Curriculum

Core PE

At the start of Year 10, students will have the opportunity to choose a personalised pathway of participation that suits their needs and interests. This allows studentss to build on, and further develop, their abilities in activities following on from Key Stage 3; engage in new and different activities; develop leadership skills in a sport of their choice and experience external sports providers that they may utilise outside of school. They will select six different activities that they would like to do each half-term. One activity in Year 10 will be a leadership course in an activity of their choice where they will be taught how to plan, prepare and lead sessions to younger children. As part of this, students will go to primary schools to lead the sport session that they have designed. The other options students can select include:

  • Team gym
  • Street dance
  • Fitness at Cleaver Gym
  • Fitness at Empire Gym
  • Yoga
  • Squash
  • Racket ball
  • Badminton
  • Netball
  • Football
  • Judo
  • Rounders
  • Cricket
  • Basketball

GCSE PE

In Year 10, students will continue to learn about the sports psychology behind goal setting and mental preparation. They will then study more topics for their Component 1 exam, including the musculo-skeletal system, movement analysis and the cardiovascular system. The controlled assessment aspect of the course will also be completed where pupils will analyse and evaluate their own or a peer's performance. Within this, students will be expected to apply the theory learnt in Year 9 and Year 10 and, in doing so, analyse a skill in a chosen sport; identify the performer’s strengths and weaknesses and create a six-week improvement plan for a specific skill or component of fitness based on their previous analysis.

Students are expected to attend extra-curricular clubs and clubs outside of school to develop their practical ability in their chosen three sports. Students will also need to keep a log of their competitive performance in each of their three sports. 

Cambridge National in Sports Science

In Year 10, students will continue to learn the content for their examination based unit (RO41). They will learn about how warming up and cooling down can prevent injuries and how medical conditions need to be considered in a sporting environment. They will finish their controlled assessment on applying principles of training (unit RO42) by planning and evaluating a training programme. Students will also study the content for unit RO43 which is based around the body’s response to physical activity. Here, they will learn about the components and functions of the musculo-skeletal and cardiorespiratory systems and how these systems contribute to health and fitness and also change during exercise.

Year 11 Curriculum

Core PE

At the start of Year 11, students will have the opportunity to choose a personalised pathway of participation that suits their needs and interests. This allows students to build on and further develop their abilities in activities following on from Key Stage 3 and Year 10; engage in new and different activities and experience external sports providers that they may utilise outside of school. They will select six different activities that they would like to do each half-term. The options pupils can select include:

  • Creative games
  • Street dance
  • Fitness at Cleaver Gym
  • Fitness at Empire Gym
  • Yoga
  • Squash
  • Racket ball
  • Badminton
  • Netball
  • Football
  • Judo
  • Rounders
  • Cricket
  • Basketball

GCSE PE

In Year 11, students will learn about the respiratory system and the effects of exercise on the body for their Component 1 exam. They will then learn the socio-cultural influences topic for their Component 2 exam. Students will be expected to continue to attend extra-curricular clubs and clubs outside of school to develop their practical ability in their chosen three sports. Students will also need to keep a log of their competitive performance in each of their three sports. 

Cambridge National in Sports Science

In Year 11, students will finish their controlled assessment on the body’s responses to physical activity (RO43). They will then complete their controlled assessment on sports nutrition (unit RO45). Here, students will learn about a balanced diet, nutrition for sport, supplement use and the effects of poor diet on sports performance. They will then plan and review a diet for a sports performer.  

Year 12 Curriculum

At Key Stage 5, students can opt to study A-level PE. The OCR course involves various assessments. The students will complete three exams at the end of Year 13. The students will have a different teacher for each exam-based element. The first exam is on physiological factors affecting performance (30% of A level); the second exam is on psychological factors affecting performance (20% of A level) and the third exam is on socio-cultural issues in physical activity and sport (20% of A level). The remaining 30% of the A-level is made up of non-exam assessment where pupils are assessed on their performance in a sport and their ability to evaluate and analyse performance for improvement.

In Year 12, students will learn about physiological factors affecting performance and socio-cultural influences. They will learn about the anatomy and physiology of the skeletal, muscular, cardiovascular and respiratory systems; the impact diet and nutrition have on performance; how to train properly in order to improve and maintain performance; about the biomechanical principles, levers and the use of technology; the emergence and evolution of modern sport and about global sporting events. 

Year 13 Curriculum

In Year 13, students will learn about physiological factors affecting performance including energy for exercise, environmental effects on body systems, linear motion, fluid mechanics, injury prevention and rehabilitation from injury. They will learn about psychological factors affecting performance that includes memory models, attribution, confidence and self-efficacy, leadership in sport and stress management. They will also learn about socio-cultural issues such as ethics, deviance, commercialisation and routes to sporting excellence. In Year 13, students will complete their non-exam assessment where they will draw upon the theory learnt in their previous studies to analyse and evaluate a player’s performance in detail so that they are able to suggest and plan effective strategies for improvement.

Extra-Curricular Activities

The curriculum is supplemented by an extensive extra-curricular programme with a range of activities offered to students which have both a competitive and participation focus.

Activities include:

  • Football (girls and boys)
  • Netball
  • Rugby (girls and boys)
  • Badminton
  • Basketball
  • Boxing
  • Athletics
  • Rounders
  • Cricket
  • Tennis

School teams are run in many of these sports and Higham Lane has enjoyed a strong tradition of success in a wide range of sports both locally, regionally and nationally. Netball, badminton and football have an outstanding history of success. A series of inter-form competitions are also on offer to students where they have a chance to play against their classmates in a variety of activities from cross-country to rounders.

CHARLOTTE CHINN, Subject Leader for Physical Education